There are four main ways to score points in the game of rugby.
Try - 5 points
A try is scored when the ball is grounded over the opponents’ goal-line in the in-goal area.
A penalty try can be awarded if a player would have scored a try but for foul play by the opposition. A penalty try is now worth seven points with no conversion attempted.
Penalty - 3 points
When awarded a penalty after an infringement by the opposition, a team may choose to kick at goal.
Conversion - 2 points
After scoring a try, that team can attempt to add two further points by kicking the ball over the crossbar and between the posts from a place in line with where the try was scored.
The conversion kick can be taken either as a place kick (from the ground) or a drop kick. In rugby sevens, due to the amount of time available for the conversion, drop kicks are taken, as shown in the video opposite.
Drop goal - 3 points
A drop goal is scored when a player kicks for goal in open play by dropping the ball onto the ground and kicking it on the half-volley.