In the 16 years of its existence, the World Rugby U20 Trophy has played a key role in developing players for emerging unions as well as producing some memorable matches over the years. Who could forget Samoa’s sudden-death extra-time defeat of Spain in 2016, for example, or the thriller between Japan and Portugal in the 2019 final.

Many stars of the future have been unearthed at the U20 Trophy.

More than 600 players have come through the U20 Trophy pathway and gone on to play test rugby, including the likes of Georgia’s Lasha Khmaladze and Uruguay’s Diego Magno who have each amassed more than 90 tests to their name.

U20 TROPHY 2008

Host: Chile
Dates: 15-27 April

Pool A – Chile, Romania, Namibia, Cook Islands
Pool B – Uruguay, Georgia, Korea, Jamaica

Uruguay 20-8 Chile

Winning captain: Matías Fonseca
Winning coaches: Martin Mendaro and Bruno Grunwaldt

Most capped graduates: Lasha Khmaladze (GEO) 97, Diego Magno (URU) 92, Leandro Leivas (URU) 69

Tournament statistics
Points: 877
Tries: 126

Top point scorer
Player: Goderdzi Joglidze (GEO) 50
Team: Georgia 190

Top try scorer
Player: Kim Hyun Soo (KOR) 7
Team: Georgia 28

A Los Teritos team containing a test captain in the making in Juan Manuel Gaminara, and other future stars such as Diego Magno and Leandro Leivas, broke the hearts of the partisan 7,000 crowd in attendance at the Stade Français Club in Santiago, Chile, with a stirring come-from-behind win.

A final between the two unbeaten sides from the pool stages looked to be heading the way of the home side when they raced into an 8-0 lead, but Los Teritos replied with 20 unanswered points, scoring tries through Magno and fly-half Germán Albanell, to take the inaugural title.

The absence of a semi-final stage meant the pool runners-up went into a straight shootout for the bronze, Georgia winning an all-European affair with Romania, 34-10.

U20 TROPHY 2009

Host: Kenya
Dates: 21 April – 3 May

Pool A – USA, Kenya, Namibia, Cayman Islands
Pool B – Romania, Chile, Papua New Guinea, Korea

Romania 25-13 USA

Winning captain: Eduardo Marinca
Winning coach: Mircea Parashiv

Most capped graduates: Cam Dolan (USA) 67, Johan Tromp (NAM) 46, Alexandru Tarus (ROU) 42

Tournament statistics
Points: 1,049
Tries: 152

Top point scorer
Player: Stefan Patrascu (ROU) 61
Team: Namibia 198

Top try scorer
Player: Ionut Puisoru (ROU) / Thomas Claps (CHI) / Sung Kun Cha (KOR) / Collins Omae (KEN) 5
Team: Namibia 30

Like the inaugural final, the champions had to come from behind with Romania overhauling a 13-3 interval deficit against the USA.

Barry Sheehan’s yellow card on the stroke of half-time proved costly for the Junior All-Americans as Romania scored through Adrian Apostol within four minutes of the restart before Marian Pirvu and Stefan Patrascu added their names to the scoresheet late on.

With the U20 Championship being cut from 16 teams to 12 in 2010, champions Romania missed out on promotion.

Maintaining their form from the year before, Chile claimed the bronze medal with a 19-17 win over the hosts Kenya.

U20 TROPHY 2010

Host: Russia
Dates: 18-30 May

Pool A – Italy, Romania, Uruguay, Papua New Guinea
Pool B – Japan, Russia, Canada, Zimbabwe

Italy 36-7 Japan

Winning captain: Tommaso Benvenuti
Winning coach: Andrea Cavinato

Most capped graduates: Andrés Vilaseca (URU) 70, Ramil Gaisin (RUS) 61, Agustin Ormaechea (URU) 55

Tournament statistics
Points: 703
Tries: 83

Top point scorer
Player: Alberto Chillon (ITA) 51
Team: Italy 156

Top try scorer
Player: Takaaki Nakazuru (JPN) 4
Team: Italy 22

Despite being guaranteed a return to the top-tier U20 Championship in 2011 as hosts of World Rugby’s premier age-grade tournament, Italy were determined to take their place among the elite in their own right as U20 Trophy 2010 champions.

Kicking off with comfortable wins against Papua New Guinea (74-0) and defending champions Romania (30-7) in Pool A of what was a hugely competitive tournament, with Japan, Canada and Uruguay also having played at a higher level the year before, the Azzurrini then beat Uruguay thanks to a last-gasp penalty try to make it through to the final.

Pool B winners Japan threatened to be a formidable opponent but an early try from dashing centre Tommaso Benvenuti calmed any nerves the young Italians may have had, and Antonio Denti, Michele Mortali and Gabriele Cicchinelli confirmed their dominance in a 36-7 victory.

Denis Kukishev’s penalty, 12 minutes into extra-time, saw Russia claim the bronze medal at Romania’s expense.

U20 TROPHY 2011

Host: Georgia
Dates: 24 May – 5 June

Pool A – Samoa, Uruguay, Russia, USA
Pool B – Japan, Canada, Georgia, Zimbabwe

Samoa 31-24 Japan

Winning captain: Patrick Faapale
Winning coach: John Schuster

Most capped graduates: Mateo Sanguinetti (URU) 74, Andrés Vilaseca (URU) 70, Rodrigo Silva (URU) 69

Tournament statistics
Points: 879
Tries: 115

Top point scorer
Player: Bakhva Kobakhidze (GEO) 52
Team: Samoa 166

Top try scorer
Player: Robert Lilomaiava (SAM) 9
Team: Samoa 26

The 2011 final followed the same pattern as the first two tournaments with Samoa trailing Japan 17-0 before finally showing the sort of form that had seen them sweep Uruguay, USA and Russia aside in topping Pool A with a perfect record.

Tries from winger Masakatasu Hikosaka and hooker Yoshikatsu Hikosaka put Japan on the front foot, but in typical Samoan fashion, they struck back with dangerous broken-field play leading to tries from Jordan Taufua, Robert Lilomaiava and Faavae Faavae and a 19-17 half-time lead.

Winger Viliamu Alauni dotted the ball down to make it 24-17 to the Samoans, but back came Japan with prop Mao Enoki’s second try in as many finals levelling the scores. Then, with the match heading into extra-time, full-back Peter Schuster scored at the death to win it for the Islanders.

Georgia outscored Uruguay two tries to nil to win the third-place play-off, 20-15.

U20 TROPHY 2012

Host: USA
Dates: 18-30 June

Pool A – USA, Tonga, Chile, Russia
Pool B – Japan, Canada, Georgia, Zimbabwe

USA 37-33 Japan

Winning captain: Will Magie
Winning coach: Scott Lawrence

Most capped graduates: Tamaz Mchedlidze (GEO) 61, Lasha Lomidze (GEO) 48, Jake Ilnicki (CAN) 44

Tournament statistics
Points: 1,015
Tries: 144

Top point scorer
Player: Madison Hughes (USA) 72
Team: Canada / USA 149

Top try scorer
Player: Hosea Saumaki (TGA) 7
Team: Japan / Tonga 22

The USA became the first host nation to win the World Rugby U20 Trophy after a thrilling 37-33 win over Japan in Salt Lake City, Utah.

The final was typical of the nail-biting drama evident throughout a tournament that did much to boost rugby’s appeal in the USA. In an epic match of 10 tries where the lead changed hands seven times, the Junior All-Americans withstood one last onslaught from the Japanese to cling on for victory in front of a sell-out crowd.

Having lost the two previous finals, it was a case of more disappointment for Japan who were christened the ‘Cardiac Kids’ because of their involvement in a series of heart-stopping pool matches, and the final was no different.

Having fought their way back from a 14-point deficit in the first half, the match was ultimately won by winger Noah Tarrant’s hat-trick try in the 76th minute – and the determined defensive rearguard that followed. Madison Hughes kicked 12 points in the match to take his overall tournament tally to 72 points, which is still a tournament record to this day.

Manase Folau’s late try saw Tonga deny Georgia 31-29 in an equally thrilling third-place play-off.

U20 TROPHY 2013

Host: Chile
Dates: 28 May – 9 June

Pool A – Italy, Chile, Portugal, Namibia
Pool B – Canada, Japan, Tonga, Uruguay

Italy 45-23 Canada

Winning coach: Gianluca Guidi
Winning captain: Angelo Esposito

Most capped graduates: Tomás Appleton (POR) 70, Djustice Sears-Duru (CAN) 67, Sebastian Negri (ITA) 55

Tournament statistics
Points: 840
Tries: 112

Top point scorer
Player: Shane O'Leary (CAN) 45
Team: Italy 187

Top try scorer
Player: Kai Ishii (JPN) 8
Team: Italy 27

For the second time in five years, the U20 Trophy was held in Chile but this time it was Italy instead of Uruguay who came out on top with a 45-23 victory against Canada.

The Azzurrini won all four of their matches in Chile to ensure their place among the world’s elite U20 teams in New Zealand the following year.

Having safely negotiated their way through the pool stages, Italy made their intentions clear from the start of the final at the Estadio Germán Becker with Marcello Violi crossing in the opening minute.

But, despite leading only 10-6 at half-time, Italy took advantage when Canada had two players sin-binned in the second half, scoring five tries, including a second by Violi, to run out impressive winners.

Chile made it onto the podium, as they did in 2008, after beating Japan 38-35 to claim the bronze medal.

U20 TROPHY 2014

Host: Hong Kong
Dates: 7-19 April

Pool A – Tonga, USA, Georgia, Hong Kong China
Pool B – Japan, Uruguay, Namibia, Canada

Tonga 10-35 Japan

Winning captain: Rikiya Matsuda
Winning coach: Keisuke Sawaki

Most capped graduates: Germán Kessler (URU) 54, Lucas Rumball (CAN) 51, Ignacio Dotti (URU) 50

Tournament statistics
Points: 761
Tries: 82

Top point scorer
Player: Revaz Jinchvelashvili (GEO) 6
Team: Japan 134

Top try scorer
Player: Vakhtang Amiranashvili (GEO) / German Kessler (URU) 4
Team: Japan 19

Having fallen at the final hurdle on three occasions from 2010-12, Japan were determined to finally lift the trophy. The signs were not good when they lost their opening match to Uruguay, but they bounced strongly, winning the rest of their matches to march imperiously into the final, where first-time finalists Tonga were no match for them.

That said, it was Tonga who drew first blood early in the final when fly-half Mosese Latu knocked over a penalty, but Japan levelled the scores when opposite number Matsuda landed the first of his six kicks.

A long stretch of Japanese pressure on Tonga’s try-line led to a penalty try and 10-3 half-time lead. Second-half tries from Shunta Nakamura, Shuhei Narita and Takayuki Watanabe confirmed the win and promotion to the U20 Championship.

The third-place play-off was a battle of the Americas – and two former Trophy champions – that went right down to the wire with the USA holding on to beat ill-disciplined Uruguay, who finished the game down to 12 men, 26-25.

U20 TROPHY 2015

Host: Portugal
Dates: 12-24 May

Pool A – Georgia, Uruguay, Fiji, Portugal
Pool B – Canada, Namibia, Tonga, Hong Kong China

Georgia 49-24 Canada

Winning captain: Badri Alkhazashvili
Winning coach: Ilia Maisuradze

Most capped graduates: Giorgi Kveseladze (GEO) 58, Lucas Rumball (CAN) 51, Beka Gorgadze (GEO) 45

Tournament statistics
Points: 862
Tries: 114

Top point scorer
Player: Revaz Jinchvelashvili (GEO) 51
Team: Georgia 144

Top try scorer
Player: Christo van der Merwe (NAM) 5
Team: Georgia / Tonga 20

Georgia reaffirmed their status as a growing power in world rugby with a maiden U20 Trophy title.

For many in the Junior Lelos’ ranks, the win in the final over Canada marked the start of something special, especially scrum-half Vasil Lobzhanidze who, just four months later, would go on to become the youngest player to appear at a Rugby World Cup, aged just 18 years and 340 days.

Canada went into their second final in three years with a settled team showing only one change from the starting XV that had beaten Tonga in the pool decider.

But the Canadians were second-best for large periods of the game against a Georgian outfit that demonstrated their ability to be clinical in the tight as well as the loose.

Tries before the break for Mikheili Babunashvili, Giorgi Melikidze, Badri Liparteliani and Tornike Zoidze were followed by three more in the second half, scored by Anzor Sichinava, Giorgi Kveseladze, Revaz Jinchvelashvili.

For Canada, captain Lucas Rumball scored a try on the stroke of half-time, while fellow loose forward, Luke Bradley, grabbed a brace. Tonga and Uruguay served up a feast of tries in a third-place play-off that ended in a 44-43 win for the South Americans.

U20 TROPHY 2016

Host: Zimbabwe
Dates: 19 April – 1 May

Pool A – Samoa, Fiji, Uruguay, Zimbabwe
Pool B – Spain, Namibia, USA, Hong Kong China

Samoa 38-32 Spain

Winning captain: Jarred Adams
Winning coach: Ramsey Tomokino

Most capped graduates: Jordi Jorba (ESP) 44, Alvar Gimeno (ESP) 38, Frank Lomani (FIJ) 31, Ruben de Haas (USA) 31

Tournament statistics*
Points: 1,054
Tries: 141

Top point scorer
Player: Hanco Germishuys (USA) 48
Team: Samoa 180

Top try scorer
Player: Hanco Germishuys (USA) 8
Team: Samoa 24

The Harare-based tournament was played under trialled scoring laws with six points awarded for a try and the focus firmly on attack.

A then tournament record 1,054 points were scored in Zimbabwe, with 70 of them coming in a classic final between Samoa and Spain that was won by the Pacific Islanders in the fifth minute of extra-time thanks to a try from replacement Tivoli Masaga.

Even for a tournament where entertainment had been the order of the day throughout, few people would have predicted that the final would have been quite so dramatic.

Leading by eight points with nine minutes left to go, Spain threatened to cause an upset against the side relegated from the U20 Championship in 2015. However, Elia Elia completed his hat-trick and Tivoli Masaga scored a try in the corner to turn the game around.

Despite his treble, Elia missed out on the top try scorer award to another number eight, USA’s Hanco Germishuys.

In the third-place play-off, five first-half tries meant the bronze medal was Fiji’s long before Namibia staged a second-half fight-back.

U20 TROPHY 2017

Host: Uruguay
Dates: 29 August – 10 September

Pool A – Japan, Namibia, Chile, Canada
Pool B – Portugal, Uruguay, Fiji, Hong Kong China

Japan 14-3 Portugal

Winning captain: Hinata Takei
Winning coach: Satoru Endo

Most capped graduates: Manuel Cardoso Pinto (POR) 36, David Wallis (POR) 29, Guillermo Pujadas (URU) 28

Tournament statistics
Points: 727
Tries: 101

Top point scorer
Player: Alejo Piazza (URU) 40
Team: Uruguay 152

Top try scorer
Player: Faulua Makisi (JPN) 6
Team: Uruguay 22

Not even the torrential rain could dampen Japan’s enthusiasm as they celebrated a return to the World Rugby U20 Championship at the first attempt following a 14-3 victory over valiant Portugal in a truncated U20 Trophy final.

With large pools of surface water on the Estadio Charrúa pitch worsening all the time and thunderstorms rolling in, the decision was taken to abandon play with 15 minutes to go with Japan, 11 points up when referee Francisco González led them from the field, declared the winners.

Understandably the tactics of both teams were clear from the start – kick for territory and hope for a mistake, and Japan’s first try from Faulua Makisi, his sixth of the tournament, came from a charged down clearance kick. If the first owed itself to an opposition error, the second and ultimately decisive try of the match came about when scrum pressure resulted in a penalty try seven minutes into the second half.

Hosts Uruguay managed a repeat of the bronze medal they won in Lisbon two years earlier with a relatively comfortable victory over Namibia in the penultimate game of the day.

U20 TROPHY 2018

Host: Romania
Dates: 28 August – 9 September

Pool A – Samoa, Namibia, Hong Kong China, Romania
Pool B – Fiji, Uruguay, Portugal, Canada

Samoa 8-58 Fiji

Winning captain: Raikabula Momoedonu
Winning coach: Koli Sewabu

Most capped graduates: Rodrigo Marta (POR) 36, David Costa (POR) 28, Jerónimo Portelo (POR) 27, Santiago Civetta (URU) 27

Tournament statistics
Points: 1,164
Tries: 166

Top point scorer
Player: Denzo Bruwer (NAM)  59
Team: Namibia 203

Top try scorer
Player: Manuel Ardao (URU) 6
Team: Fiji 32

Fiji celebrated a return to the World Rugby U20 Championship for the first time since 2014 in typically flamboyant fashion.

Inspired by full-back Nabetelevu Turaganivalu and centres Vilimoni Botitu and Ilikena Vudogo, Fiji were irrepressible in attack as they ruthlessly capitalised on basic Samoan errors, of which there were many, to put the two-time champions to the sword, scoring nine tries in a 58-8 win.

Samoa’s lack of patience in attack and high turnover rate hurt them badly and Fiji could even afford to lose a man to the sin-bin in each half as they recorded the biggest win in the history of U20 Trophy finals.

In a match of 16 tries, Manuel Pinto, Nuno Mascarenhas and Duarte Campos each bagged a brace as Portugal maintained their form from the year before to beat Namibia 67-36 and win the bronze medal.

Zimbabwe score one of the tries of Round 2 | U20 Trophy
Zimbabwe Number 8 Aiden Burnett finishes off a great team try in their Round 2 U20 Trophy match against Uruguay.

U20 TROPHY 2019

Host: Brazil
Dates: 9-21 July

Pool A: Japan, Uruguay, Kenya, Brazil
Pool B: Portugal, Tonga, Canada, Hong Kong China

Japan 35-34 Portugal

Winning captain: Shota Fukui
Winning coach: Yoshitake Mizuma

Most capped graduates: Jose Madeira (POR) 37, David Costa (POR) 28, Jerónimo Portelo (POR) 27

Tournament statistics
Points: 1,106
Tries: 159

Top point scorer
Player: Will Percillier (CAN) 65
Team: Japan 185

Top try scorer
Player: Raffaele Storti (POR) 9
Team: Japan 27

When Japan scored a promotion-clinching try with two minutes to go in the final against Portugal, it brought the curtain down on a final day of high drama at the Estádio Martins Pereira.

Their 35-34 victory, in what was a rerun of the 2017 showpiece, was the third consecutive match to be decided by three points or less.

In addition to the Japan v Portugal thriller – arguably the best U20 Trophy final of all-time –  Brazil’s seventh-place play-off with Hong Kong China went to sudden-death extra-time, the hosts winning their first match at this level thanks to a drop goal. Tonga’s play-off for bronze with Uruguay would also have gone beyond the 80 minutes had Los Teritos kicker Matias D’Avanzo not struck the upright with an all-important conversion.

Japan’s success ensured captain and back-row Shota Fukui created a piece of U20 Trophy history. Fukui, then a winger, was part of the triumphant 2017 side and therefore became the first player to win the title twice – and in very different positions, too!

Portugal may have lost out on a maiden U20 Trophy title, but they unearthed a player with a very bright future in 18-year-old winger Raffaele Storti. A brace of tries in the final took the speedster’s tally to nine, equalling the record for a single U20 Trophy tournament set by Samoa’s Robert Lilomaiava in 2011.

U20 TROPHY 2020, 2021 AND 2022

Due to be staged in Spain from 14-27 September, the 2020 tournament was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The tournament would also not take place in 2021 and 2022 but returned in 2023.

U20 TROPHY 2023

Host: Kenya
Dates: 15-30 July

Pool A: Scotland, Uruguay, Zimbabwe, USA
Pool B: Spain, Samoa, Kenya, Hong Kong China

Uruguay 32-39 Spain

Winning captain: Alvaro García Albo
Winning coach: Raul Noberto Perez

Most capped graduates: Alvaro García Albo (ESP) 5, Tyler McNutt (HKG) 3, Dominic Besag (USA), Jude Harding (HKG), Camill Cheung (HKG) 2

Tournament statistics
Points: 1,035
Tries: 142

Top point scorer
Player: Ben Afsar (SCO) 63
Team: Scotland 213

Top try scorer
Player: Hayden McKay (USA) 7
Team: Scotland 33

Spain will play in the World Rugby U20 Championship for the first time after coming out on top in a spectacular 10-try title decider with former champions Uruguay at Nyayo National Stadium.

Spain, who were agonisingly beaten in sudden-death extra-time by Samoa in the 2016 final, ran out 39-32 winners against the 2008 champions with replacement Diego González Blanco’s late try proving the match-winner.

Scotland finished on a high with an 83-10 defeat of Samoa to finish third, but they had failed to secure a return to the U20 Championship following their relegation in 2019. Zimbabwe denied hosts Kenya to finish fifth with USA beating Hong Kong China to seventh place.

USA, playing in their first U20 Trophy since 2016, would have hoped for more than seventh, especially having conceded late tries to end up on the losing side against both Uruguay and Zimbabwe in the pool stage.

*Law trials with points (Try = 6, Penalty Try = 8, Conversion, penalty, drop goal = 2)