(a)     Membership of World Rugby is open to National Rugby Unions based in a country where such Unions are solely responsible for governing Rugby’s sporting, technical and general organisation and implementation of all rugby related matters and which meet the World Rugby Membership Pathway and Membership Criteria established by Council from time to time and set out in detail at

(b)     Unions must ensure that elections to their governing body(ies) take place pursuant to a free and independent democratic process which conforms with applicable national legislation and the requirements of the Common Association Constitution.

(c)     A Union or Association may be suspended (but not expelled) from World Rugby membership or reverted to associate membership status by the Executive Committee as an interim measure pending the next meeting and decision of Council (taken in accordance with Bye Law 14(d) below) for any reason that the Executive Committee determines is appropriate.

(d)     A Union or Association may be expelled or suspended from World Rugby membership or reverted to associate membership status (temporarily or on a permanent basis) by Council for any reason that Council determines to be appropriate provided that it is supported by a majority of at least three quarters of the Representatives present at the Council meeting.

(e)     A Union may be suspended or expelled from World Rugby membership pursuant to World Rugby Bye-Laws and/or Regulations if state authorities interfere in its affairs in such a manner that:

(i)      it may no longer be considered as fully responsible for the organisation of rugby related matters in its territory;

(ii)     in the opinion of Council or the Executive Committee it is no longer in a position to perform its constitutional and regulatory tasks in an appropriate manner.